Muslim pilgrims flock to holy Mecca for first post-pandemic Hajj
The Alarabiya English reported, citing Reuters, thousands of pilgrims started arriving in the holy city of Mecca in Saudi Arabia on Friday (July 1), among some one million Muslims expected to attend the 2022 Hajj pilgrimage season after two years of major disruption caused by the COVID-19 pandemic.
Hundreds performed the first ritual of the Hajj, wrapped in white robes, with some carrying umbrellas against the burning desert sun. Hajj in Islam involves walking in a circle around the Kaaba, the sacred building at the center of Mecca's Grand Mosque.
Saudi Arabia, home to Islam's holiest sites in Mecca and Medina, allowed back foreign travelers this year to perform the Hajj.
Only a few thousand Saudi citizens and residents attended the annual pilgrimage in the last two years as COVID-19 wreaked havoc across the global economy and curtailed travel.
However, authorities have said only one million people can join the 2022 season, less than half of pre-pandemic levels, and access is restricted to pilgrims aged 18 to 65 who have been fully vaccinated or immunized against the virus and do not suffer from chronic diseases.
Security officers mixed with pilgrims inside the mosque. A web of surveillance cameras oversaw its surroundings and checkpoints controlled access to the city to help ensure an incident-free Hajj.
Over the years, the kingdom has spent billions of dollars on making one of the world's biggest religious gatherings more secure.
In 2019, the last year before the pandemic struck, some 2.6 million people performed the Hajj, while around 19 million took part in the Umrah, another form of pilgrimage to Mecca which - unlike the Hajj - can be carried out at any time of the year.
An economic reform plan of Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman aims to increase Umrah and Hajj capacity to 30 million pilgrims annually and to generate 50 billion riyals ($13.32 billion) of revenues by 2030.